Self-Criticism Scale

T. Tarmizi, A. Navissa, F. Dian, F. Rahma, A. Retno

Abstract


This study aims to examine the ability of self-criticism in individuals through the construction of scale. Preparation of scale using the theory of selfcriticism from G. Shahar (2016). Self-Criticism is an intense and persistent relationship with oneself which can be revealed through two aspects, namely (1) demanding oneself to achieve high performance standards; (2) expressions of self-hatred and humiliation when these high standards are not met. Scaling in the initial stage involved 62 items consisting of 31 items for the first aspect and 32 items for the second aspect. The field test for the construction of scale involved 94 active students withdiploma, graduate and post-graduate students from various universities in Indonesia. A series of psychometric processes included a validity test with Aiken's V and Cronbach Alpha reliability (α = 0.92). The final stage of the scale development process produces 32 valid and reliable items. The results showed that 71.3% of students had high self-criticism abilities. Students tend to set targets for very high achievement and not in accordance with their potential. When students cannot reach the targets, they will punish themselves for that disability.


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