The Encouragement of 21st Century Skills through the Integration of STEM Activities in Basic Education

C. A. Talib, F. Aliyu


The unprecedented growth and development in digital technology require a nation to direct its educational goals towards attaining certain developmental skills. These skills include critical thinking, problem-solving, creativity, collaboration and communication shortened as 4Cs and otherwise known as Twenty-first Century Skills. Some of the issues challenging the target include lack of hands-on activities in their teaching and learning strategies,
particularly science and technology-based subjects, limited access to standard teaching and learning facilities; irrelevant subject contents; and outdated teaching strategy. However, with ongoing Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) programs and activities, the young minds right from the elementary level of education are getting sharpened with the necessary learning context and experience required to engender twenty-first-century skills. Hence STEM programs and activities are currently serving as a vehicle through which 21st century skills can be realized. Practical evidence from empirical studies proved the effectiveness of STEM activities toward inculcating the 21st-century skills right from the basic level of education. Therefore, these activities need to be integrated into the teaching and learning domain to support the young learners at their early stage of learning for the on ward realization of the required skills. 


21st Century skills, Encouragement, STEM activities, Basic education

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